Posted by:rosewool Date:31.Jul.2017
China is the hometown of porcelain, porcelain invention is China's great contribution to world civilization, in English, "porcelain" (china) has become the term "China" synonymous. About the mid-16th century BC, the early Shang Dynasty, China appeared on the early porcelain. Because it is in the carcass, or in the glaze layer of the firing process are still rough, firing temperature is low, showing the original and transitional, it is generally called "original porcelain."
Porcelain is born out of pottery, and its invention is the ancient Chinese ancestors in the burning of white pottery and fingerprints of hard pottery experience, and gradually explore out. Burning porcelain must also have three conditions: First, porcelain raw materials must be rich in quartz and sericite minerals such as porcelain, porcelain or kaolin; Second, the firing temperature should be above 1200 ℃; Third, in the instrument table Shi made a high temperature firing glaze. This original celadon statue is a typical representative of the original porcelain. Mouth for trumpet-shaped, no shoulder, deep abdominal waist, the bottom of the circle of the foot of the foot. Carcass hard, uniform thickness, shape regular. Both inside and outside the facilities are green and yellow glaze, carcass and glaze layer close together, the bottom of the glaze without exposure to light gray white porcelain. Decorative decoration of the outer wall neatly arranged, simple and elegant. This respect is hidden in the Shanghai Museum.
The original porcelain as a pottery to porcelain transition period of the product, compared with a variety of pottery, with a compact body, durable, easy to clean, beautiful appearance and so on, so the development prospects. The original porcelain firing process level and the continuous improvement of production for the later porcelain gradually replace the pottery, as the Chinese people's daily life laid the foundation for the main device.
Chinese porcelain is evolved from the development of pottery, the original porcelain originated more than 3000 years ago. To the Song Dynasty, the name porcelain kiln has been more than half of China, porcelain industry is the most prosperous period. At that time Jun kiln, brother kiln, Guan kiln, Ru kiln and set kiln and called the five famous kilns Known as the porcelain of Jiangxi Jingdezhen in the Yuan Dynasty produced blue and white porcelain has become a representative of porcelain. Blue and white porcelain enamel transparent water, fetal body thin and light, white porcelain body deposited with blue decoration, elegant and fresh, full of vitality. Blue and white porcelain once there will be all the rage, become the crown of Jingdezhen traditional porcelain crown. And blue and white porcelain together and said the four famous porcelain and blue and white exquisite porcelain, pink color porcelain and color glaze porcelain. In addition, there are sculpture porcelain, thin porcelain porcelain, colorful porcelain, etc., are very beautiful, have their own characteristics.